Arabic Names and Arab Names
Modern and Regional Variations
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* While the ibn/bin prefix is still commonly used in names, its use is declining; in some places, this prefix is only used in government interactions, and in other places it is dropped altogether. In Mauritania, its usage is still common, but ever since the colonial era many people have preferred the dialectal form ould (ولد, pronounced [wulː]).
* Syria retains a heavy Turkish influence, which is reflected in commonly found names of Turkish and Kurdish origin; e.g. Adib al-Shishakli.
* Maghribi names are quite distinctive due to heavy Berber (tamazight), French, and some Italian (in Libya) and Spanish (in Morocco) influences. Names of Spanish influence gave back some of the names of the Arabic influence in Spain: Fatima, Omar, Soraya, and Zoraida. And these names are both found in Moroccan Muslims and Spanish-speaking Moroccan Roman Catholic Christians.
* Lebanon has many names of Hebrew, Aramaic, Turkish and French origin.
* Iraq has a sizable number of people with names of Persian and Kurdish origin.
* Malay names - Among the Malays and other Muslim-majority races in Malaysia and Singapore, the name Mohammed or Muhammad (often abbreviated to Mohd.) commonly precedes a male Muslim's given name, followed by the word "bin" and his father's name, for example Muhammad Amin bin Hashim. For a female Muslim it is "binti". If the person has performed the Hajj, the honorific "Haji" would be prefixed to his name, for example Haji Muhammad Amin bin Hashim, or even Haji Muhammad Amin bin Haji Hashim. Persons claiming descent from Prophet Muhammad may carry the title "Syed" or "Sheikh" ("Sharifah" or "Siti" for females) before their name and a family name may follow the personal name, for example Syed Muhammad Amin al-Habshi bin Syed Hashim al-Habshi.
* In Afghanistan, persons claiming to be related to the prophet are called Sayeds, and all the males in the family carry the title of Mir, rather than the last name of Hashimi or Hashem. People belonging to this group will have either the last name Hashimi or have the title Mir in front of their names, but not both. An example of an Afghan who claims to trace their lineage to the prophet will be Mir Abdul Rahman, Mir being the title linking them to the Prophet Muhammad but not being a part of their first name, which would be Abdul Rahman. Afghan women who are Sayeds carry no title in front of their names; some carry the last name Hashimi, which indicates their lineage and is kept by many even after marriage, as in Islam women are not to take their husband's last name.
* In Iran and also Afghanistan, persons claiming to be related to the prophet have Sayed in their name, often as a prefix.
* Many Jews of Temani, Mizrahi and Arabicized Sephardi extraction often maintain Arab surnames and adopt Arab names common to Arab Jews, even in the West; e.g. Paula Abdul and Loolwa Khazzoom.
* In Western China, officials will, when spelling a native name in Chinese characters, sometimes represent "Muhammad" by the Chinese character 馬/马 "mǎ", which means "horse".
* Sometimes Arabic names are used by people people who have no origins in the Middle East nor adhere to Islam. Examples are: Ayesha, Fatima (see each name for information as to why). In contrast, Omar is not only an Arabic, but also a biblical Hebrew name.
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