Baghdad Vacation Trips
Baghdad Geography and climate
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The city is located on a vast plain bisected by the River Tigris. The Tigris splits Baghdad in half, with the eastern half being called 'Risafa' and the Western half known as 'Karkh'. The land on which the city is built is almost entirely flat and low-lying, being of alluvial origin due to the periodic large floods which have occurred on the river.
Baghdad has a hot arid climate and is, in terms of maximum temperatures, one of the hottest cities in the world. In the summer from June to August, the average maximum temperature is as high as 44 °C accompanied by blazing sunshine: rainfall is almost completely unknown at this time of year. Temperatures exceeding 50 °C in the shade are by no means unheard of, and even at night temperatures in summer are seldom below 24 °C. Because the humidity is very low due to Baghdad's distance from the marshy Persian Gulf, dust storms from the deserts to the west are a normal occurrence during the summer.
In the winter, from December to February, by contrast, Baghdad has maximum temperatures averaging 15 to 16 °C. Minima can indeed be very cold: the average January minimum is around 4 °C but temperatures below 0 °C are not uncommon during this season.
Annual rainfall, almost entirely confined to the period from November to March, averages around 140 millimetres, but has been as high as 575 millimetres and as low as 23 millimetres. On January 11, 2008, light snow fell across Baghdad for the first time in memory.
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