Jordan Travel Guide
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The most prominent early roots of Jordan , as an independent state, can be traced to the Kingdom of Petra, which was founded by the Nabataeans an ancient Semitic people from Arabia who developed the North Arabic Script that evolved into the Modern Arabic script. During its glory, the Nabataean Kingdom controlled regional trade routes by dominating a large area southwest of the fertile crescent, which included the whole of modern Jordan extending from Syria in the North to the northern Arabian Peninsula in the south. As a result, Petra enjoyed independence, prosperity and wealth for hundreds of years until it was absorbed by the Roman Empire which was still expanding in 100 A.D.
Jordan also witnessed many other smaller ancient kingdoms having sovereignty for centuries, in addition to the Nabataeans. These included the Kingdom of Edom, the Kingdom of Ammon, the Kingdom of Moab, the Kingdom of Judah, and the Hasmonean Kingdom of the Maccabees, which are all mentioned in the Bible and other ancient Near Eastern documents.
During the Greco-Roman period of influence, a number of semi-independent city-states also developed in Jordan under the umbrella of the Decapolis including: Gerasa, Philadelphia, Raphana, Dion, Gadara, and Pella.
Later, Jordan became part of the Arabic Islamic Empire across its different Caliphates stages including Rashidun Empire, Umayyad Empire and Abbasid Empire. After the decline of the Abbasid, Jordan was ruled by several conflicting powers including the Mongols, the Crusaders, the Ayyubids and the Mamluks until it became part of the Ottoman Empire in 1516.
Jordan Travel Informations and Jordan Travel Guide
Jordan History: Modern Jordan
Jordan Geography - Jordan Climate - Jordan Administrative Divisions
Jordan Demographics - Jordan Ethnic Groups - Jordan Religion - Jordan Language - Jordan Immigration
Jordan Politics: Jordan Constitution - Jordan Legal System & Legislation
Kings Jordan & Political events - Jordan Parliament: Term - Jordan Political Parties - Jordan Human Rights
Jordan Economy: Brain Drain and Brain Gain - Jordan Natural Resources: Natural gas - Oil shale - Phosphate - Uranium
Jordan Transportation - Jordan Currency & Exchange Rates - Jordan Tourism: Nature Reserves
Influence of the Southwest Asian conflict - Jordan Foreign Relations - Jordan Military: Army - Navy - Air Force
Peacekeeping Abroad - Jordan Defense Industry - Jordan Police - Jordan Culture - Jordan Health
Jordan Language - Jordan Quality of liife - Jordan Globalization
Jordan Education: Jordan School Education - Jordan Higher Education
Jordan Tourist Attractions: Amman - Agaba - Ajloun - Azrak Wetland Reserve - Baptism Site - Beida - Dana Nature Reserve
Dead Sea - Desert Castle - Jerash - Kerak - Madaba - Ma'in - Al Mujib Nature Reserve - Mukawer - Mount Nebo - Pella
Petra - Shaumari Wildlife Reserve - Shobak - Um El Jimal - Um Qais - Um Rassas - Wadi Rum