Lebanon Travel Guide

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Lebanon officially the Republic of Lebanon, is a country in Western Asia, on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south. Lebanon's location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland has dictated its rich, sometimes violent history, and shaped its unique cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity.

The earliest evidence of civilization in Lebanon dates back more than 7,000 years—predating recorded history. Lebanon was the home of the Phoenicians, a maritime culture that flourished for nearly 2,500 years. Following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire after World War I, the five provinces that comprise modern Lebanon were mandated to France. Lebanon established a unique political system in 1942, known as confessionalism, a power-sharing mechanism based on religious communities. It was created when the French expanded the borders of Mount Lebanon, which was mostly populated by Maronite Catholics and Druze, to include more Muslim elements. The country gained independence in 1943, and French troops withdrew in 1946.

Before the Lebanese Civil War, the country enjoyed a period of relative calm and prosperity, driven by tourism, agriculture, and banking. Because of its financial power and diversity, Lebanon was known in its heyday as the "Switzerland of the East". It attracted large numbers of tourists,[14] such that the capital Beirut was referred to as "Paris of the Middle East." At the end of the war, there were extensive efforts to revive the economy and rebuild national infrastructure.

Until July 2006, Lebanon enjoyed considerable stability, Beirut's reconstruction was almost complete, and increasing numbers of tourists poured into the nation's resorts. Then, the month long 2006 War between Israel and Hezbollah caused significant death toll and heavy damage to civil infrastructure. The conflict lasted from 12 July until a UN-sponsored ceasefire on 14 August.

Lebanon Tourist Attractions


Situated on the Beqaa plain, Aanjar is the site of the only Umayyad city in Lebanon. It was built from 705 to 715 and many well conserved ruins still remain. More info about Anjar...


In the Beqaa valley, undulating in the magnificent landscape opens up the ancient city of Baalbeck. This site is categorised in UNESCO's world cultural heritage sites, and has a high degree of preservation. More info about Baalbeck...


Outstanding and mysterious, shady and giving, Beirut is a city which provides and conceals simultaneously. Bursting with sunshine, Beirut is brimming over with life. From the sea cornice to streets swarming with people, the effervescence is constant. More info about Beirut...


One of the most precious Arabic architectural jewels is the palace of Beiteddine. This historic monument comprises of two large courtyards: the “midane”, a vast rectangular place for visitors, and a smaller one for the royal private apartments, with a magnificent fountain in its centre. More info about Beiteddline...

Byblos (Jbeil)

The city of Byblos has constantly been inhabited since the sixth century BC. The actual town is made up of the old town, surrounded by medieval walls along with the modern town that progressively expands towards the mountains. More info about Byblos (Jbeil)...

Deir El Qamar

Situated in the Shouf, Deir El Qamar is one of Lebanon’s best-preserved towns. With its impressive traditional architecture displayed in the numerous palaces and monuments across the area, it is considered as one of the country’s historical heritages. More info about Deir El Qamar...

Qadisha Valley (Holy Valley)

In north Lebanon, the “Holy Valley” spreads from Bcharreh to the coast. Classified under UNESCO's world heritage, its countless caves, chapels and monasteries as well as its luxuriant vegetation transformed it into the most famous natural site of Lebanon. More info about Qadisha Valley (Holy Valley)...

Sidon (Saida)

Sidon, capital of South Lebanon, has been mentioned in writings since the 14th century BC and was constantly inhabited. Since Antiquity, it has been one of the most flourishing ports of Phoenicia and the Mediterranean. Traces of this glorious past still hover in every street of the city. More info about Sidon (Saida)...

The Cedars, Arz Al Rab

Even though several regions of Lebanon shelter cedars forests, 'the Cedars' refers to the Arz-el-Rab massif, in north Lebanon. More info about The Cedars, Arz Al Rab...


As soon as you catch sight of the city, you cannot help but dream of the 'Arabian Nights'. Erected next to a cliff, Tripoli’s old town is an entanglement of alleys. The jewelers' souk, as well as the joiners and tailors shops, lay amid buildings of traditional architecture and sparkling hammams. More info about Tripoli...

Tyre (Sour)

From here, Princess Elissa fled to found the city of Carthage and cedar trees were offered for building Solomon’s temple, while Alexander the Great dived to a clear harbor and took the reins… More info about Tyre (Sour)...


Founded in the 18th century, Zahle, the village with red tiled roofs, was erected on the shores of “al Bardawni” river. Nowadays, restaurants, coffee-rooms and old houses flourish on each riverbank. More info about Zahle...

Travel Quotes:

We travel, some of us forever, to seek other states, other lives, other souls. Anais Nin

Travel, in the younger sort, is a part of education; in the elder, a part of experience. Francis Bacon

Lebanon Travel Informations and Lebanon Travel Guide
Lebanon History: Ancient History - Medieval Times - French Mandate & Independence
1948 Arab-Israeli War
- Civil War and Beyond - Cedar Revolution - 2006 Israel-Lebanon Conflict
Nahr al-Bared Conflict - 2008 Internal Strife

Lebanon Etymology - Lebanon Geography & Climate - Lebanon Governorates and Districts - Lebanon Economy
Lebanon Governorates & Districts - Lebanon Economy - Lebanon Government & Politics-
Foreign Relations - Lebanese Military - Lebanon Education: Schools - Higher Education - Lebanon Demographics
Lebanon Culture: Overview - Lebanon National flag - Lebanon Sports - Arts & Literature - Lebanon Music
Lebanon Festivals - Lebanon Movies

Lebanon Tourism
Lebanon Tourist Attractions: Anjar - Baalbeck - Beirut - Beiteddine - Byblos(Jbeil) - Deir El Qamar
Qadisha Valley (Holy Valley) - Sidon (Saida) - The Cedars, Arz Al Rab - Tripoli - Tyre (Sour) - Zahle

Arab Cuisines, Arabic Names, Baghdad, Bahrain, Camels, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman
Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen

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