Lebanon Travel Guide
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Lebanon officially the Republic of Lebanon, is a country in Western Asia, on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south. Lebanon's location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland has dictated its rich, sometimes violent history, and shaped its unique cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity.
The earliest evidence of civilization in Lebanon dates back more than 7,000 years—predating recorded history. Lebanon was the home of the Phoenicians, a maritime culture that flourished for nearly 2,500 years. Following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire after World War I, the five provinces that comprise modern Lebanon were mandated to France. Lebanon established a unique political system in 1942, known as confessionalism, a power-sharing mechanism based on religious communities. It was created when the French expanded the borders of Mount Lebanon, which was mostly populated by Maronite Catholics and Druze, to include more Muslim elements. The country gained independence in 1943, and French troops withdrew in 1946.
Before the Lebanese Civil War, the country enjoyed a period of relative calm and prosperity, driven by tourism, agriculture, and banking. Because of its financial power and diversity, Lebanon was known in its heyday as the "Switzerland of the East". It attracted large numbers of tourists, such that the capital Beirut was referred to as "Paris of the Middle East." At the end of the war, there were extensive efforts to revive the economy and rebuild national infrastructure.
Until July 2006, Lebanon enjoyed considerable stability, Beirut's reconstruction was almost complete, and increasing numbers of tourists poured into the nation's resorts. Then, the month long 2006 War between Israel and Hezbollah caused significant death toll and heavy damage to civil infrastructure. The conflict lasted from 12 July until a UN-sponsored ceasefire on 14 August.
Lebanon Tourist Attractions
Lebanon Travel Informations and Lebanon Travel Guide
Lebanon History: Ancient History - Medieval Times - French Mandate & Independence
1948 Arab-Israeli War - Civil War and Beyond - Cedar Revolution - 2006 Israel-Lebanon Conflict
Nahr al-Bared Conflict - 2008 Internal Strife
Lebanon Etymology - Lebanon Geography & Climate - Lebanon Governorates and Districts - Lebanon Economy
Lebanon Governorates & Districts - Lebanon Economy - Lebanon Government & Politics-
Foreign Relations - Lebanese Military - Lebanon Education: Schools - Higher Education - Lebanon Demographics
Lebanon Culture: Overview - Lebanon National flag - Lebanon Sports - Arts & Literature - Lebanon Music
Lebanon Festivals - Lebanon Movies
Lebanon Tourist Attractions: Anjar - Baalbeck - Beirut - Beiteddine - Byblos(Jbeil) - Deir El Qamar
Qadisha Valley (Holy Valley) - Sidon (Saida) - The Cedars, Arz Al Rab - Tripoli - Tyre (Sour) - Zahle