Saudi Arabia Travel Guide

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Saudi Arabia History
First Saudi State (1744-1818)


The Third Saudi state was founded by the late King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia. In 1902 Ibn Saud captured Riyadh, the Al-Saud dynasty's ancestral capital, from the rival Al-Rashid family. Continuing his conquests, Abdul Aziz subdued Al-Hasa, the rest of Nejd, and the Hejaz between 1913 and 1926.

Boundaries with Jordan, Iraq, andKuwait were established by a series of treaties negotiated in the 1920s, with two "neutral zones" created, one with Iraq and the other with Kuwait. On January 8, 1926 Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud became the King of Hejaz. On January 67, 1927 he took the title King of Nejd. By the Treaty of Jeddah, signed on May 20, 1927, the United Kingdom recognized the independence of Abdul Aziz's realm. In 1932, these regions were unified as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The discovery of oil on March 3, 1938 transformed the country. The country's southern boundary with Yemen was partially defined by the 1934 Treaty of Taif, which ended a brief border war between the two states.

Abdul Aziz's military and political successes were not mirrored economically until vast reserves of oil were discovered in March 1938. Development programmes, which were delayed due to the onset of the Second World War in 1939, began in earnest in 1946 and by 1949 production was in full swing. Oil has provided Saudi Arabia with economic prosperity and a great deal of leverage in the international community.

Prior to his death in 1953, Abdul Aziz, aware of the difficulties facing other regional absolute rulers reliant on extended family networks, attempted to regulate the succession.

Saud succeeded to the throne on his father's death in 1953. However, by the early 1960s the Kingdom was in jeopardy due to Saud's economic mismanagement and failure to deal effectively with a regional challenge from Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser. As a consequence, Saud was deposed in favour of Faisal in 1964.

Intra-family rivalry was one of the factors that led to the assassination of Faisal by his nephew, Prince Faisal bin Musa'id, in 1975. He was succeeded by King Khalid until 1982 and then by King Fahd. When Fahd died in 2005, his half-brother, Abdullah, ascended to the throne.


Travel Quotes: We shall not cease from exploration, and the end of all our exploring will be to arrive where we started and know the place for the first time. T. S. Eliot

It is better to travel well than to arrive. Buddha


Saudi Arabia Travel Informations and Jordan Travel Guide
Saudi Arabia History: First Saudi State - Second Saudi State - 1900s to Present Day
Saudi Arabia Geography: Saudi Arabia Climate - Saudi Arabia Government: Saudi Arabia Law
Saudi Arabia Human Rights - Saudi Arabia Emirates
Saudi Arabia Economy: Saudi Arabia Development - Saudi Arabia Foreign Labour - Saudi Arabia Demographics
Saudi Arabia Culture: Saudi Arabia Music & Dance - Saudi Arabia Dress - Saudi Arabia Food
Saudi Arabia Film & Theater - Saudi Arabia Religion
Saudi Arabia Education - Saudi Arabia Sports - Saudi Arabia Military - Saudi Arabia Foreign Relations

Saudi Arabia Tourism
Saudi Arabia Tourist Attractions: Mecca - Madain Saleh Cemetery - Habalah - Al Musmak Castle - Al Maktaba Park
Madain Saleh - National Museum of Riyadh - Shoaib Batheran - Rawdat Al- Sowt - Riyadh National Zoo
King Abdul Aziz Military Museum - Kingdom Centre - Al Faisaliyah Center - Shoaib Heraimelah
Riyadh Museum of History and Archaeology - Al Murabba's Palace - City of Old Diriyah


Arab Cuisines, Arabic Names, Baghdad, Bahrain, Camels, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman
Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen

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2019-05-24T13:11:28-04:00