Syria Travel Guide
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Syrian Territorial Problems - Israeli Annexation of the Golan Heights
The Golan Heights is a strategic plateau and mountainous region in southwestern Syria. It comprises 1,850 square kilometres and includes mountains reaching an altitude of 2,880 metres above sea level. The heights dominate the plains below. The Jordan River, Lake Tiberias and the Hula Valley border the region on the west. To the east is the Raqqad Valley and the south is Yarmok River and valley. The northern boundary of the region is the mountain Jabal al-Sheikh, one of the highest in the Southwest Asia. An agreement to establish a demilitarized zone between Israel and Syria was signed on 20 July 1949, but border clashes continued. Israel captured the Golan Heights from Syria in the 1967 Six Day War. Between 80,000 and 109,000 of the inhabitants fled, mostly Druze and Circassians. In 1973, Syria tried to regain control of the Golan Heights in a surprise attack on Yom Kippur, the holiest day of the Jewish year. Despite initial Syrian advances and heavy Israeli losses, the Golan Heights remained in Israeli hands after a successful Israeli counter attack. Syria and Israel signed an armistice agreement in 1974, and a United Nations observer force was stationed there. Israel unilaterally annexed the Golan Heights in 1981, although the Syrian government continues to demand the return of this territory, possibly in the context of a peace treaty.
Syria Travel Informations and Jordan Travel Guide
Syria Etymology - Syria Politics: Constitution & Government - Human Rights - Emergency Law - Syria Administrative Divisions
Syria Geography - Syria Economy: Foreign Trade - Transport - Syria Demographics - Syria Ethnic Groups - Syria Religion
Syria Languages - Education in Syria - Syria Military - Syria Culture - Music of Syria - Syrian Literature
Syria History: Eblan civilization - Antiquity and early Christian era - Islamic era - Ottoman Era
French Mandate - Instability and Foreign Relations: Independence to 1967 - Six Day War and Aftermath
Baath Party Rule Under Hafezc Al-Assad, 1970-2000 - 21st Century
Syrian Territorial Problems: Turkish-Syrian Dispute Over Iskandaron Province - Israeli Annexation of the Golan Heights
Syria Tourist Attractions: Damascus - Aleppo - Krak des Chevaliers - Palmyra - Bosra
Dead Cities - Hama - Qala'at Samaan